Vera Brittain’s 1933 memoirs, Testament of Youth, focus mainly on the years 1914-1925. The book effectively covers three parts of Brittain’s life as a young woman; the years just before the War, the years during, and the years just after, especially her time as a V.A.D. nurse during the war, as a student at Oxford University, and the beginnings of her career as a writer and journalist.
In 1914 Vera, frustrated with life in her village and goes to Oxford with dreams of being a writer. However, this coincides with the start of the War, and her brother and friends, including her future fiancé all enlist. At Oxford, she also grows frustrated. She postpones her studies and enlists as a volunteer nurse, a role that sees her serving in England, Malta and France. She tells of her struggles in nursing and her personal battles with friendship and love against the backdrop of a War that causes death and destruction all around. However, despite her personal tragedies, we see Vera carve out a career for herself in politics, journalism and writing after the War. The book ends almost ten years to the day that she first enlisted as a nurse with her vowing to look forward to the future and ensure that the victims of the War did not die in vain.
Much of the book is told in the form of extracts from Vera’s diaries and letters she exchanged with friends and family. Although the Vera who was writing her memoirs in the 1930s wrote with an almost professional detachment at times, these extracts of diaries and letters made the book feel more personal. It was the little details like how she felt vibrations while working in London when large battles were occurring in France, and the fact that winters were so cold that their clothes were covered in a thin sheet of ice in the mornings that made me feel like I was experiencing it all with her. They also showed the effect of the War on her and the people around her, and the generation as a whole, better than anything else probably could. We see the growing cynicism of her friends who are serving, coupled with the way that they almost long for a death in War which contrasts greatly when compared to Vera’s later diaries where she criticises the idea that their ‘victory’ was a victory at all. Although at times, Vera Brittain’s objective approach sometimes made the book feel cold and perhaps more like a history book rather than an autobiography, these diaries and letters made up for it and are often emotive enough to move you to tears.
Testament of Youth also deals with various social and historical topics – the War itself and Brittain’s descriptions of her time as a nurse, the things that she saw, her experiences and those of the people around her are not only gripping but also informative. A woman’s perspective of the war tells us a lot about the home front; the fear felt at home, the men who were eager to fight but could not get enlisted due to their jobs or health, and those who like her brother had successfully enlisted but were initially kept at home. She also wrote of how the experience of working personally changed her and her ambitions. By 1924, after almost a decade of studying and working, she could barely contemplate the dream she had of being a wife and mother as being a possibility. The most inspiring part of the book in my opinion was the part of Vera’s memoirs set after the War when she began a career in journalism and politics, lecturing for the League of Nations and travelling to understand the impact of war. Her writings on pacifism and the war towards the end of the book were the most moving parts of the entire book as they showed the lessons that she had learned. Far from being a book restricted to discussions of the First World War, Vera’s writings on peace, politics, class, education and women are still relevant in our society today.
Overall, I would recommend Testament of Youth to readers for its interesting perspective into the life of young people during such a tumultuous time in recent history. Apart from the gripping and emotional ‘story’ side of reading the memoirs, many of the issues discussed and debated by Brittain are still incredibly relevant today.